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An endodontic treatment, commonly known as a root canal, is a procedure used when an infection has spread to the nerve of the tooth and threatens to spread to other teeth. Often, an infection that advanced will cause considerable pain to the patient and prompt them to seek immediate dental care.
In a root canal treatment, the dentist starts by removing the infected part of the tooth, starting from the top and going downwards to the roots of the tooth. Once he or she reaches the roots of the pulp, he or she will eliminate the pulp and the nerve inside it, which are typically heavily infected and then proceeds to clean and disinfect the area in order to make sure that no bacteria are left to cause further damage.
Once the tooth has been cleared of bacteria, the dentist fills the space with dental cement, in order to give strength to the tooth. The dentist then finishes by replacing the part of the tooth that has been lost with a crown.
Root canals are one of the most common dental procedures there are. Some people associate them with the sound of a dental drill and pain. However, advancements in dentistry have allowed dentists to perform root canals that are much less inconvenient and nearly pain free for the patient. In fact, patients will be anesthetized very effectively in order to eliminate pain during the procedure.